In all Maryland child custody cases, the standard is what is in the “best interests of the child.” When determining what child custody schedule is in the "best interests" of your child, considerations include but are not limited to, the fitness of each parent, the capacity of the parents to communicate and reach shared decisions, and the relationship between each child and parent. Every case, and every family, is unique and each custody case must be viewed through that lens. As a child custody lawyer in Towson and Baltimore, Maryland, weassist clients in all types of custody matters including initial determinations of custody and modifications of existing custody arrangements.


Types of Custody


There are two types of custody in Maryland—physical and legal custody.         


  • Physical custody is the parenting time each parent spends with their child. In Maryland, the terms “physical custody,” “access,” “visitation,” and “parenting time” are often used interchangeably.  Physical custody can be jointly shared or awarded primarily to one parent.


  • Legal custody is the long-range decision-making for a child. These long-range decisions relate to a child’s education, religious training, discipline, medical care, and other matters of major significance impacting the child’s welfare and well-being. Legal custody and can be shared by parents or awarded solely to one parent.  There is also a possibility that parents can share legal custody and if they cannot reach a shared decision, one parent can be designated to make the final decision.


Third-Party Custody


Cases involving custody to someone other than a parent (third-party custody) can be very difficult. There is a presumption that a child’s welfare is best served in the custody of a parent rather than the custody of a third party. If someone other than a biological or legally adoptive parent is seeking custody, that party must prove to the court that both parents are unfit, or that extraordinary circumstances exist which would render parental custody detrimental to a child. The Court may recognize a parent who has developed a psychological dependence or bond with a child without a biological relationship.  This is referred to as a de facto parent. De facto parents are treated differently by the Court than third parties seeking custody.


As experienced child custody attorneys in Towson, Baltimore, and Maryland, we help clients understand their options and work diligently to obtain the most favorable outcome, whether through negotiations, alternative dispute resolution, or litigation.